Palermo is Sicily’s cultural, economic and touristic capital. It is a city rich in history, culture, art, music and food. Numerous tourists are attracted to the city for its good Mediterranean weather, its renowned gastronomy and restaurants, its Romanesque, Gothic and Baroque churches, palaces and buildings, and its nightlife and music.
Palermo is over 2,700 years old and its history is rich and eventful. The city was founded in 734 BC by the Phoenicians as Ziz. The present name is derived from the Greek Panoremus meaning ‘all harbour’. Palermo became part of the Roman Republic, the Roman Empire and eventually part of the Byzantine Empire, for over a thousand years. From 827 to 1071 it was under Arab rule during the Emirate of Sicily when it first became a capital.
Following the Norman reconquest, Palermo became capital of a new kingdom (from 1130 to 1816), the Kingdom of Sicily. Eventually it would be united with the Kingdom of Naples to form the Two Sicilies until the Italian unification of 1860. Thanks to this rich history the architecture of Palermo is very ecletic and unique.
It’s enough to go some kilometers outside Palermo to meet breathtaking beaches and crystal clear sea. The mild Mediterranean climate with an average of 20 °C during Spring and Autumn creates the perfect conditions to enjoy the unspoilt coasts of Palermo almost all the year-round.
The average annual temperature of the sea is above 19 °C, from 14 °C in February to 26 °C in August. In the period from May to November, the average sea temperature exceeds 18 °C, thus it’s always advisable to bring a swimming suit when visiting Palermo.
Palermo offers to its visitors both natural and cultural attractions such as: the Cathedral, the Opera (the third biggest after the Opéra National de Paris and the K. K. Hof-Opernhaus in Vienna), the archeological museum, the Normans’ Palace, the catacombs of the Capuchin convent, St. John of the Hermits, St. Cataldo and the other Arab-Norman Churchs, the Palatina chapel, Quattro Canti (the symbolic crossroads in the old center), the Martorana Church, the Zisa and the Cuba (Arabic-Norman royal palaces), the typical street markets and Monreale with its fantastic panoramic view on the city and the sea.
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Palermo is an Arabian city
Palermo is its Baroque churches and its Arabian water system
Palermo in summer is an experience on the edge of reality
Palermo in spring and autumn is an experience on the edge of paradise
Palermo is a city of contrasts
Palermo has an eclectic, multiform beauty
Palermo has marvellous gardens, although they are more than often hidden
In Palermo you can eat anything, at any time, in any place
In Palermo you come across fantastic markets
In Palermo hospitality does not know the meaning of the word „private‟
Palermo is a city that changes continually
Palermo is a bridge between east and west
Palermo has beautiful, dusty museums
You can fall in love with Palermo!